Danny Parker has kindly agreed to sum-up the myeloma-related dietary research he has done for us this past year:
Diet and Multiple Myeloma: Summary of Dietary Recommendations
So, over the last year, we’ve examined many facets of diet and myeloma. Rather than send you looking for each segment, I thought it would be useful to summarize what we’ve learned in one place.
So what are our recommendations for helpful diet from these various sources we’ve covered over the last months?
∙ Increase levels of protein consumption, particularly for fish and soy.
∙ Increase consumption of cruciferous vegetables (radishes, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, watercress)
∙ Eat more fruits and herbs with ursolic acid: apples, basil, cranberries.
∙ Within the diet, emphasize fruits with pterostilbene: blueberries, grapes, acai and rhubarb
∙ Include papaya, pomegranate and pomegranate juice in your fruit choices
∙ Enjoy cooked and stewed tomatoes
∙ Add turmeric and curries to the spices you cook with
∙ Include parsley (agigene) in your diet—parsley pesto, added to soups and other dishes.
∙ Try to use whole grains for wheat, rice and pasta (smooths spikes in blood glucose)
∙ Eat cheeses with Vitamin K2: Gouda, Asiago, Parmesan, Emmenthaler and Jarlsberg
∙ Moderate alcohol consumption (resveratrol containing red wines being a good choice)
∙ Consider a Vitamin D and a fish oil supplement particularly if fish consumption is low
Don’t forget to consider using a curcumin supplement in consultation with your doctor
Things to avoid or reduce:
∙ Asparagus (L-Asparagine)
∙ Fried foods, particularly French fries and potato chips (acrylamide)
∙ Excessively toasted breads and baked goods (acrylamide)
∙ Excessive coffee consumption due to acrylamide (perhaps substitute some tea)
∙ Reduce simple carbohydrates and excess sugar consumption**
∙ Cut down on butter and sweetened dairy products (ice cream, puddings etc.)
∙ Try to avoid highly processed foods, MSG, artificial colorings etc.
∙ Avoid artificial sweeteners such as aspartame (e.g. Diet Sodas)
∙ Avoid Vitamin C supplements, EGCG and green tea on Velcade days
** Particularly important on Dex days; avoid simple carbohydrate includes refined flours and potatoes.
Avoid supplements with Glucosamine or Hyaluronic Acid. Avoid supplements with Glutamine: helps your stomach, but may also help MM cells
Alpha Lipoic Acid: may reduce neuropathy with Velcade, but also may compromise its effectiveness
As one can see from the above, the preferred diet for myeloma patients has much in common with that for diabetic patients—important to target a steady blood sugar. For instance, recent research shows a 20% increased risk of blood cancers from those suffering Type 2 diabetes:
This likely means that we will do best with a diet similar to those looking to prevent Type 2 diabetes, particularly if our blood glucose is high. In any case, if you are going to have a carbohydrate or sugar rich portion of your meal, it is better to take these after consuming the salad or protein base so that digestion proceeds slowly and blood glucose levels rise in a smooth fashion.
So, what kind of differences will such dietary changes make? Of course, we don’t know. But each of the recommendations are based on research results from the myeloma community that we have covered over the previous months. Full details, with links, are available there.
However, the suggestion is that following these recommendations—even to make incremental changes to our eating habits—might convey some advantages in our effort to live well with multiple myeloma.
If you’re like me, you’ll take every advantage you can get!
I’m already lobbying Danny, trying to convince him to continue contributing to MMB in 2013. It may not be every two weeks, but I bet I can wear him down! Thanks for all you do, Danny!
Feel good and keep smiling! Pat